Workshop: 5G Applications and Services: Current Trends, Key Drivers, Challenges and Standardization Imperatives

Workshop: 5G Applications and Services

Date: Wednesday October 2
Time: 11:00 – 18:30
Room: Seminar room 4

Workshop Description: Current Trends, Key Drivers, Challenges and Standardization Imperatives

5G is not just an evolutionary upgrade of the previous generation of cellular networks, but it is a revolutionary technology envisioned that will eliminate the bounds of access, bandwidth, performance, and latency limitations on connectivity worldwide.  5G technologies bring in a universal connectivity angle that has not been present in the earlier generations of wireless technologies. With the potential for 5G networks to provide anytime anywhere connectivity to anything, the number of applications or domains which can leverage this kind of connectivity will be quite large. 5G will be the connectivity fabric of a new era of information technology that will transform every sector of the economy and society. 5G has the potential to enable fundamentally new applications, industries, and business models and dramatically improve quality of life around the world via unprecedented use cases that require high data-rate instantaneous communications, low latency, and massive connectivity for new applications for mobile, eHealth, autonomous vehicles, smart cities, smart homes, Industrial IoT, to name a few.

Many application domains have started looking at 5G and 5G-like technologies to leverage the new features and facilities provided by the networks like ultra-high speeds, ultra-low latency, connecting massive number of devices which need on and off connectivity, and other such requirements. Such applications will benefit from standardizing some of the common architectures, semantics and component interfaces to enable flexibility, reusability and maintainability. Beyond this, when products and solutions are being developed by a number of parties for these heterogeneous application domains, Application Layer Standards will ensure interoperability between various elements in the system and also meet the minimum regulatory and quality requirements.

Application Layer Standards cover aspects from the four distinct dimensions – Domain Layer, Application Service Layer, Enabling Technology Services Layer and 5G Services Layer.

It is well understood that many Standards for these dimensions are being developed in SDOs beyond 3GPP, ITU & IEEE. And hence, to ensure widespread and structured proliferation of 5G technologies, it would be imperative to address all the aspects and dimensions of the 5G paradigm comprehensively by involving a wide spectrum of stakeholders and SDOs beyond 3GPP, ITU & IEEE. 5G has an impact on various applications. It is necessary to study the impact 5G has on some of the critical applications and define use cases for the identified applications.

The workshop is aimed at discussing the emerging 5G Applications and Services in a holistic manner to understand the Challenges, Opportunities & Standardization Imperatives and define the way forward along with immediate next steps to ensure ubiquitous adoption of 5G globally.

Paper Titles:

Time  Presentation  Speaker / Authors
11:00 – 11:20 Inaugural Session Inaugural Session & Setting the Context by the Workshop Co-Chairs – Rajeev Shorey, N. Kishor Narang & Giridhar Mandyam
11:20 – 11:40 Invited Talk #1
Why 5G could make a different for Media and Services
Dr. Thomas Stockhammer, Qualcomm, Germany
11:40 – 12:00 noon Paper #1: Characterization of Time-Variant Wireless Channels in Railway Communication Scenarios Stefan Zelenbaba (AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria); Lukas Walter Mayer (Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Oesterreich, Austria); Erislandy Mozo (Mondragon Unibertsitatea, Spain); Fabian Wirth (Havelländische Eisenbahn AG, Germany); Reinhard Hladik (Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Oesterreich, Austria); Arrate Alonso (Mondragon Unibertsitatea, Spain); Laura Bernadó (Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria); Martin Schiefer (Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Oesterreich, Austria); Thomas Zemen (AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Austria)
12:00 – 12:20 Invited Talk #2
5G Applications; Edge Computing and Networking for scaling Smart IoT Systems 
Prof. Huzur Saran, CSE Department, IIT Delhi, India
12:20 – 12:40 Paper #2: Performance Analysis of On-board Content Caching and Retrieval for High-Speed Railways Yu Wu and Xuming Fang (Southwest Jiaotong University, P.R. China); Li Yan (Southwest JiaoTong University, P.R. China)
12:40 – 13:00 Invited Talk #3
MEC to Go: Using Cars to Enable Virtual Mobile Edge Computing 
Prof. Falko Dressler, University of Paderborn, Germany
13:00 – 14:00 Lunch Break
14:00 – 14:20 Paper #3: Time-Sensitive Networking in 5th Generation Cellular Networks – Current State and Open Topics Tobias Striffler (TU Kaiserslautern & Siemens AG, Germany); Nicola Michailow (National Instruments, Germany); Michael Bahr (Siemens AG, Germany)
14:20 – 14:40 Invited Talk #4
Rise RENEW: Empowering the 3Rs of Research via Open Wireless Platforms & Testbeds 
Prof. Ashutosh Sabharwal, Rice University, USA
14:40 – 15:00 Paper #4: A programmable and adaptive framework for 5G Network Slicing Swaminathan Seetharaman (Wipro Ltd, India); Dilip Krishnaswamy (Reliance Jio Infocomm, India)
15:00 – 15:20 Invited Talk #5
Transformation of Industry applications with 5G and the role of ALS
Dr. Subhas Mondal, Wipro, India
15:20 – 15:40 Paper #5: Compute and network virtualization at the edge for 5G smart cities neutral host infrastructures Michele Paolino (Virtual Open Systems SAS, France); Gino Carrozzo (Nextworks, Italy); August Betzler (i2CAT Foundation, Spain); Carlos Colman Meixner (University of Bristol, United Kingdom (Great Britain)); Hamzeh Khalili and Muhammad Shuaib Siddiqui (Fundació i2CAT, Internet i Innovació Digital a Catalunya, Spain); Teodora Sechkova (Virtual Open Systems SAS, France); Dimitra Simeonidou (University of Bristol, United Kingdom (Great Britain)
15:40 – 16:00 Invited Talk #6: Security in the 5G smart city and Industry 4.0 applications Prof. Prashant Pillai, University of Wolverhampton, UK
16:00 – 16:30 Coffee Break  
16:30 – 17:30 Panel Discussion
Topic: 5G Applications & Services – Challenges and Road Ahead
Moderator: TBD
Panelists: All Speakers
17:30 – 18:00 Open House
18:00 – 18:30 Wrap-up Session – Conclusions & Next Steps – Workshop Co-chairs

Invited Speakers:

Dr. Thomas Stockhammer

Thomas Stockhammer received the Dipl.-Ing. and Dr.-Ing. degrees from the Munich University of Technology, Munich, Germany. Thomas was Visiting Researcher at Rensselear Politechnical Institute (RPI), Troy, NY, USA and University of California San Diego (UCSD), San Diego, CA, USA. After acting as cofounder and CEO of Novel Mobile Radio (NoMoR) Research for 10 years and a consultant for Siemens mobile, BenQ mobile, LG Electronics and Digital Fountain, he joined Qualcomm in 2014 as Director Technical Standards. In his different roles, he co-authored more than 200 research publications and more than 150 patents and 1000s of contributions to standardization efforts. In his day job, he is the active and has leadership and rapporteur positions in 3GPP, DVB, MPEG, IETF, ATSC, CTA, ETSI and the DASH-Industry Forum in the area of multimedia communication, TV-distribution, content delivery protocols, immersive media representation and adaptive streaming. Among others, he leads the MPEG-I efforts in MPEG, he is the chair of the DASH-IF Technical working group, the rapporteur of the first completed 3GPP VR work as well as the chairman of the DVB 5G Study Mission. Thomas also received the INCITS Technical Excellence Award 2013 for his MPEG DASH work, the 3GPP Excellence Ward 2017 for his work on Enhanced TV and the CTA Technology & Standards Achievement Award 2019 for his work on CTA WAVE Device Playback specification.

Title: Why 5G could make a difference for Media Services?

Abstract: In this presentation we review activities in 3GPP standardization as well as technology trends for media services. Media services are expected to be 90% of the total traffics on 5G by 2028. We will have a deeper look at both, traditional media as well as immersive media, including AR, AI and VR. We specifically focus on 5G features that can potentially provide benefits for media services.

Prof. Huzur Saran

Prof Huzur Saran is a Professor in the Department of Computer Science IIT Delhi. Prior to joining IIT Delhi in 1990, he did his Ph. D in Computer Science from the University of California, Berkeley in 1989 and, a B.Tech from IIT Delhi in 1983. His research is focused on Wireless Networks, Computer Systems & Security and Algorithms. He has served as the Head of the Computer Science Dept and the Amar Nath & Shashi Khosla School of IT, at IIT Delhi from 2007-2014 & 2015-18.  He is currently the co-odinator of the Centre of Excellence in Cyber Security at IIT Delhi.

Prof Saran has been actively working in 4G and 5G wireless technologies. He is currently a PI at IITD for the 5G Testbed Project funded by the Deportment of Telecom. During 2000-2002 he was a Visiting Professor at the Information Systems Lab, Stanford where he worked on the media access control layer of an early 4G wireless system.  Dr Saran was a consultant in the past with AT&T Research and Lucent Bell Labs in the area of Network Performance Analysis.

Dr Saran has also been looking at various aspects of Computer Systems Security. Dr Saran was a consultant to Solidcore Inc, a Software Startup. He helped define and build a novel software protection technology. Solidcore was purchased by Mcafee in 2009 for its pathbreaking Dynamic Whitelisting technology.

Title: 5G Applications; Edge Computing and Networking for scaling Smart IoT Systems

Abstract: In this talk we will present various initiatives at IIT Delhi on based on the approach for decomposition of Smart IOT apps across cloud, edge, and sensor device components. Patterns of hierarchical, sequential decision making, contextual processing, and distributed learning design. Our design approach is being validated in the context of an application deployment on IIT-D campus; i.e., an application for target classification and navigation based on machine learned functions. Potential applications include pedestrian and traffic monitoring for security. We will also present a discussion on systems support for programmability on edge server and IoT devices, while considering the edge network and explore of limits of resource efficient processing on single microcontroller devices as well as new low power heterogeneous processing systems on chip. The specific objective is: Design of resource efficient machine learning for IoT devices applications ―both shallow and deep― on single/multi-processor IoT devices.

Prof. Falko Dressler

Falko Dressler is full professor of computer science and chair for Distributed Embedded Systems at the Heinz Nixdorf Institute and the Dept. of Computer Science, Paderborn University. He received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from the Dept. of Computer Science, University of Erlangen in 1998 and 2003, respectively.

Dr. Dressler is associate editor-in-chief for Elsevier Computer Communications as well as an editor for journals such as IEEE Trans. on Mobile Computing, IEEE Trans. on Network Science and Engineering, Elsevier Ad Hoc Networks, and Elsevier Nano Communication Networks. He has been guest editor of special issues in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Communications Magazine, Elsevier Ad Hoc Networks, and many others. He has been chairing conferences such as IEEE INFOCOM, ACM MobiSys, ACM MobiHoc, IEEE VNC, IEEE GLOBECOM, and many others. He authored the textbooks Self-Organization in Sensor and Actor Networks published by Wiley & Sons and Vehicular Networking published by Cambridge University Press. He has been an IEEE Distinguished Lecturer as well as an ACM Distinguished Speaker.

Dr. Dressler is an IEEE Fellow as well as an ACM Distinguished Member, and member of the German computer science society (GI). He also serves on the IEEE COMSOC Conference Council and the ACM SIGMOBILE Executive Committee. His research objectives include adaptive wireless networking, self-organization techniques, and embedded system design with applications in ad hoc and sensor networks, vehicular networks, industrial wireless networks, and nano-networking.

Title: MEC to Go: Using Cars to Enable Virtual Mobile Edge Computing

Abstract: We will primarily discuss the challenges and opportunities of the connected cars vision in relation to the need for distributed data management solutions ranging from the vehicle to the mobile edge and to the data centers. Vehicular networking solutions have been investigated for more than a decade, but recent standardization efforts just enable a broad use of this technology to build large scale Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Modern 5G networks promise to provide all means for communication in this domain, particularly when integrating Mobile Edge Computing (MEC). However, it turns out that despite the many advantages, it is unlikely that such services will be provided with sufficient coverage. As a novel concept, vehicle micro clouds have been proposed that bridge the gap between fully distributed vehicular networks based on short range device to device communication and 5G-based infrastructure. Using selected application examples, we assess the advantages of such systems. We also shed light on the potentials of a vehicular cloud based on parked vehicles as a spatio-temporal network and storage infrastructure.

 Prof. Ashutosh Sabharwal

Ashutosh Sabharwal works in two areas. His first area of research is wireless. He is the founder of WARP project (warp.rice.edu), an open-source project which is now in use at more than 125 research groups worldwide and have been used by more than 450 research articles. He received 2017 Jack Neubauer Memorial, 2018 Advances in Communications Awards for full-duplex wireless and 2019 ACM Test-of-time Award for WARP. His second area of research is healthcare technologies. He is currently leading several NSF-funded center-scale projects, notably Rice RENEW (open-source massive MIMO) and “See below the skin” for non-invasive bio-imaging. He founded the Rice Scalable Health Labs (http://sh.rice.edu), which is developing a new engineering area called “bio-behavioral sensing.” His research has led to four commercial spinoffs (one in wireless and three in healthcare).

 Title: Rice RENEW: Empowering 3Rs of Research via Open Wireless Platforms & Testbeds

Abstract: Three R’s are crucial for any scientific research endeavor that relies on an experimental component: repeatability, replicability, and reproducibility. In the first part of our talk, we reflect on our (personal) journey in developing and disseminating open-source wireless research platforms, and how they have shaped how we do research. Both successes and shortcomings from the past are at the heart of our next major step: the POWDER-RENEW platform, which is being designed to be the world’s first open platform for next-generation massive-MIMO wireless research, with an emphasis to empower the 3R’s for wireless research. Finally, we will briefly reflect on our recent experimental research results in massive MIMO, to appreciate how flexible platforms can lead to novel research insights, and potentially shape the future wireless research and standards.

Dr. Subhas Mondal

Subhas Mondal is driving the organization-wide 5G initiative as the chief architect at Wipro limited.  Subhas is a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff (DMTS) at Wipro and a Senior Member of IEEE. He is an engineering graduate from IIT Kharagpur in Electronics and Electrical communications engineering. Prior to joining Wipro, he worked for C-DOT as a research engineer and developed a product from scratch for remote switching need.

Title: Transformation of Industry applications with 5G and the role of ALS

Abstract: As 5G finds its way in real deployments, the ecosystem is figuring out the monetization opportunities through industry use cases. Making the best use of 5G architectural tenets to deliver superior user experience for the Industry applications will play a critical role in fostering rapid adoption of 5G technology beyond traditional communication services provided by the Telcos. With the proliferation of re-imagined 5G applications, we expect a lot of innovation where the application layer standard would play a key enabling role to ensure interoperability and uniform experience irrespective of network and application provideos. In this session the following will be covered:

  • How 5G will expose its capabilities for Industry applications
  • What an application developer needs to know to make best use of 5G capabilities
  • How the Application Layer Standards (ALS) are evolving to enable interoperability?
  • What it takes to create cross domain collaboration

Dr. Rajeev Shorey

Dr. Rajeev Shorey is a Principal Scientist with TCS Research and Innovation. He received his Ph.D and MS (Engg) in Electrical Communication Engineering from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, India in 1997 and 1991 respectively. He received his B.E degree in Computer Science and Engineering from IISc, Bangalore in 1987.

Dr. Shorey’s career spans several reputed research labs – General Motors (GM) India Science Laboratory (ISL), IBM India Research Laboratory and SASKEN Technologies. He has been an adjunct faculty in the Computer Science & Engineering Dept at IIT, Delhi from 1998 to 2005 and again from 2017 onward. He was a faculty in the Computer Science Dept at the National University of Singapore from 2003 to 2004, while on leave from IBM Research Labs in New Delhi. Dr. Shorey served as the first President of NIIT University from 2009 to 2013 before joining the TCS Innovation Labs in 2014.

Dr. Shorey’s work has resulted in more than 60 publications in international journals and conferences and several US patents, all in the area of wireless, wired networks, including wireless security. He has 12 issued US patents and several pending US patents to his credit. His areas of interest are Wireless Networks, Internet, Telecommunications, Telematics, Data Security and Data Analytics.

Dr. Shorey has served on the Editorial boards of IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing and is currently serving on the Editorial board of WINET (Wireless Networks Journal of Mobile Communication, Computation and Information) journal.  He is the editor of the book titled “Mobile, Wireless and Sensor Networks: Technology, Applications and Future Directions” published by John Wiley, US in March 2006. Dr. Shorey has given numerous talks, tutorials and seminars in industry and academia all over the world. He is the founding member of the Communication Systems & Networks (COMSNETS) conference in India.

For his contributions in the area of Communication Networks, Dr. Shorey was elected a Fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering in 2007. Dr. Shorey was recognized by ACM as a Distinguished Scientist in December 2014. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers, India and a Senior Member of IEEE.

Mr. N. Kishor Narang

Kishor is currently leading the Smart Cities Standardization Globally as Vice Chair – Strategy & Convener of Reference Architecture Work Group in IEC Systems Committee on Smart Cities and Project Leader of IEC Standards – IEC TS 63188 ED1 – Smart Cities Reference Architecture Methodology & IEC 63205 ED1 – Smart Cities Reference Architecture; and also, as Co-editor of a few ISO Standards in ISO/IEC JTC1 Committees.

At the National level, he is leading the Smart Cities Standardization work in ICT & Electrotechnology domains as the Chairman of LITD 28 – Sectional Committee on Smart Infrastructure at BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards), where the main focus is on Standards development for Unified & Secure ICT Architecture for Smart Cities/ Infrastructure.

Professionally, Kishor is Technology Consultant, Mentor & Design Architect in Electrical, Electronics & ICT with over 40 years of professional experience in education, research, design and consulting. Over 30 years of hardcore Research and Design Development Experience in Solutions, Systems, Products, Hardware, Software & Firmware (Embedded Software) in fields of Industrial, Power, IT, Telecom, Medical, Energy and Environment, and over 10 years of Consultancy Experience to different segments of business & industry.  He has over 200 Research & Design Mentees in the Electronics, ICT & STI Ecosystems. Professionally, he is an Electronics Design Engineer practicing design & development of a wide spectrum of Products, Systems & Solutions as an Independent Design House – NARNIX since 1981.

Beyond designing & developing some of the most innovative systems & solutions, kishor has developed some complex IPs in Design Architectures in the Fields of High Frequency Power Electronics, Neutral Access Network Operation, Last Mile Communication, Smart Utility Management & Smart Infrastructure.

For last 10 years, deeply involved in Standardization in the Electrical, Electronics, Communication and Information Technology Domains with focus on Identifying Gaps in Standards to address Interoperable Systems & Solutions Deployments and bring Harmonization by defining standardized interfaces to ensure End-to-End Interoperability.

Currently, Kishor is developing a Comprehensive “5G inclusive ICT Architecture for Critical Infrastructure” and leading the 5G Application Layer Standards development in India.

Dr. Giridhar Mandyam

Dr. Giridhar Mandyam is the Chief Security Architect for all IoT products that Qualcomm produces. He has also worked at Rockwell International, Texas Instruments and Nokia. In addition to having served as Qualcomm’s Advisory Committee representative to the Worldwide Web Consortium (W3C), he has served as Chair of the W3C Geolocation Working Group. He has also served Chair of the S34-3 Ad Hoc Group on Presentation Logic and Service Frameworks for the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) and was a key contributor in development of the ATSC 3.0 specification.  In addition, Dr. Mandyam was part of the Qualcomm team that was instrumental in driving the Enhanced TV (EnTV) extensions to the 3GPP cellular standards.

Dr. Mandyam is inventor or co-inventor of more than 50 issued US patents, and was recognized in 2017 by Qualcomm with the IP Achievement Award. He has also published over 80 conference and journal papers, and 5 book chapters. He is a co-author of the text Third-Generation CDMA Systems for Enhanced Data Services (Academic Press, 2002). He is also a Senior Member of the IEEE and has been a member of the editorial board of the IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications.  He has served on the organizing committees of multiple conferences, including the General Chair of the 2010 IEEE Infocom Conference.   Moreover, he (along with Dr. Shorey) co-founded the COMSNETS conference – a long-standing digital communications conference jointly sponsored by the IEEE and ACM.

Prof Prashant Pillai

Prof Prashant Pillai is currently working as a Professor in Cyber Security and Director of the Wolverhampton Cyber Research Institute (WCRI) at the University of Wolverhampton, UK. He currently leading the development of the new £9m Midlands Centre for Cyber Security at Hereford, UK.

He is also the Founder and CEO of Cydon Ltd. Cydon is a distributed ledger technology-based software solution that enables secure and regulated data sharing across different organisational boundaries and supply chain while maintaining immutable audit trails of all data transactions.

Prof Prashant Pillai has over 17 years of research experience and specializes in the areas of communication networks, cyber security and intelligent algorithms. Prof Pillai has co-edited 4 books and has co-authored over 95 peer reviewed papers in leading journals and conferences and 4 book chapters. With an educational background in Electronics and IT security and an avid interest in Artificial Intelligence, Prof Pillai has a passion of researching complex issues that lie in the interaction of these areas. His current research interest lies in the application of AI and developing novel security solutions for safety critical systems (like smart grid, autonomous cars, aeronautical systems and robotics).

He is a Senior Member of IEEE, a Fellow of the HEA and a Fellow of the BCS. He was recently appointed a founding member of the IEEE special interest group on Big Data for Cyber Security and Privacy and the Co-Chair of the IEEE 5G Roadmap Satellite working group.

Title: Security in the 5G smart city and Industry 4.0 applications

Abstract: Several governments across the globe are adopting and implementing “Smart City” programmes that make use of various ICT and artificial intelligence technologies with the aim to better manage the cities resources and develop novel applications to better serve the citizens. 5G is considered a key enabler for such smart city programmes and for realising the Industry 4.0 ambitions. However, in order to make sure that these systems are safe, secure and maintain privacy of the public, new innovate security solutions and technologies are required. Without such security solutions, future smart cities programme can come under several security breaches that may have large scale devastating impact.
This talk will begin by looking at the way cyber security landscape is changing and consider the key security challenges and opportunities when considering smart city and industry 4.0 applications. The talk will also present the multicity 5G testbed being developed within the West Midlands region in the UK.

Workshop Organizers and Chairs

      Rajeev Shorey

    TCS, India

N. Kishor Narang                                           NARNIX, India  Giridhar Mandyam

QUALCOMM, USA