5G Satellite Integration 2018

Date: Monday July 9
Time: 11:00 – 4:00
Room: Lafayette

A growing demand for a tremendous increase in the mobile data traffic with two-thirds of it being the video, with virtually zero latency gigabit experience networks and the emergence of IoT and its expected billions of devices connected to the Internet, dictates the need for new system architectures and standards. The vision of 5G in delivering the advanced services such as virtualization, enabler of smart cities, smart environments, and M2M has recently attracted enormous attention by industry, academia, and standard organizations. Satellite communications play a significant role as a complementary solution to terrestrial networks due to its characteristics of ubiquitous coverage, broadcast, multicast, and emergency/disaster recovery. These invited sessions will be an occasion for major researchers and stakeholders in 5G satellite to present their standpoints and enhance understanding of the promising  (but yet challenging) paradigm and deployment practices of 5G Satellite.

With the technical endorsement by the SatNEx IV ESA project.  


11:00-13:00: 5G Satellite Integration I 
Title Speaker
Next Generation Satellite Solutions Augmenting 5G Networks Rob Singh, Vice President Business Development and Strategy, Space System/Loral LLC, Palo Alto USA
Softwarised Satellite Ground Segment Networks for Improved Terrestrial-Satellite Integration Ramon Ferrús, Department of Signal Theory and Communications, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain
European H2020 Sat5G Approach to Integration of 5G and Satellite Communications  Ari Pouttu, Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Finland
5G and Satellite Network Security Integration Open Issues and Solutions Haitham Cruickshank, University of Surrvey, UK
14:00-16:00: 5G Satellite Integration II 
Satellite – 5G Integration, a Survey Sastri Kota, University of Oulu, Finland and Giovanni Giambene, University of Siena, Italy
Enable 5G – Satellite Payload on Near Earth Platform Aniruddha (Ani) Karmarkar, Senior Technical Fellow, Lockheed Martin, Sunnyvale, USA
3GPP Standardization Efforts to Integrate Satellite and Non-Terrestrial Networks in 5G New Radio Mohsen Hosseinian, InterDigital Inc.
Satellite communication – an integral part of 5G Adam Kapovits, Eurescom, European Institute for Research and Strategic Studies in Telecommunications, Heidelberg, Germany


Softwarised satellite ground segment networks for improved terrestrial-satellite integration: Satellite networks are expected to become an integral part of upcoming 5G systems. In this regard, the adoption of 5G mainstream softwarisation technologies such as Software Defined Networking (SDN) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV) arises as a necessary step in the evolution of satellite ground segment systems (e.g. satellite gateways and terminals). This softwarisation does not only allows for satellite communications services to be delivered in a more flexible, agile and cost-effective manner than done today but greatly facilitates the seamless integration and operation of combined satellite and terrestrial networks. This presentation will discuss the applicability of NFV and SDN technologies in the satellite ground segment, focusing on two use cases analised in the context of the H2020 VITAL project: the NFV applicability in satellite gateway implementation and the SDN aplicability for traffic engineering in a satellite-terrestrial mobile backhauling network.

European H2020 Sat5G Approach to Integration of 5G and Satellite Communications: The introduction and global roll out of enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) services within 5G raises coverage and network dimensioning issues across underserved and unserved areas, especially in low ARPU regions of emerging markets, and on mobile platforms (e.g. vessels and aircraft). Satcom systems are the only economic solution to address these scenarios provided that they are seamlessly integrated into the future 5G architecture and optimum efficiency is achieved via technological collaborations between 5G mobile and satcom systems.

SaT5G will bring satcom into 5G by defining optimal satellite-based backhaul and traffic offloading solutions. It will research, develop and validate key 5G technologies in order to take the best value of satcom capabilities (e.g. multicast for content and Virtualised Network Function (VNF) delivery) and mitigate its inherent constraints (e.g. latency). It will identify novel business models and economically viable operational collaborations that integrate the satellite and terrestrial stakeholders in a win-win situation. SaT5G will validate, through specific research pillars, the required technology bricks that will enable the targeted markets to be addressed.

The project gathers key stakeholders from the global satcom industry, partnering with Mobile Network Operators (MNOs), SMEs and research centres with the expertise from cellular network operation, architecture design, transmission, virtualisation, network management, business modelling, security, content multicast and caching. The SaT5G External Advisory Board involves MNOs, satellite and vertical stakeholders.

SaT5G will capitalise on and drive the standardisation effort initiated in 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) by several consortium partners and Advisory Board members. A key feature of SaT5G is demonstrations of satellite integration in 5G network testbeds to validate the technology developed and scenarios.

5G and satellite network security integration open issues and solutions: 5G phase 1 specifications were completed, and the world is preparing for the arrival of 5G networks. A major design goal of 5G is a high degree of flexibility to better cater for specific needs of actors from outside the telecom sector (e.g. automotive industry, mission-critical organisations). Satellites systems and networks are also developing fast. The integration of 5G and satellite network is not clear yet in particular in relation to network and security performances. The talk will address end-to-end QoS provisioning open issues for such integrated system. Also the talk will address security and privacy open issues such the use of various trust models, policies and authentication schemes. The talk then will examine a specific and a very promising application area called Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) and how 5G and satellite network integration will enable large scale deployment of ITS, maximizing network performance and providing security and privacy to users despite the large amount of personal data sharing in this system.

Enable 5G – Satellite Payload on Near Earth Platform: Use of payloads commonly used on satellites can be repurposed on near earth platforms. 5G backhaul services can be enabled using these near earth platforms that meet high data rate, latency requirements required in 5G. These platforms have unique challenges of station-keeping, limited SWaP (size, weight and power), environment and endurance.

These platforms have unique advantages if the above challenges are met:

  • Rapid deployment of High Speed Broadband Infrastructure
  • Close the digital divide in underserved and unserved markets
  • Densification and deployment of 4G, 5G, and IoT enabling technologies
  • Maximize spectral efficiency and enable opportunity to enhance spectrum sharing
  • Maintenance of service through and following major weather events
  • Rapid restoration of services enabling public safety and disaster relief

This presentation covers an Advanced technology concepts Lockheed Martin has initiated with a commercial customer.

Satellite communication – an integral part of 5G: 

  • Strengths of satellite communication;
  • Satellite capabilities of today and tomorrow;
  • Satellite use cases in 5G;
  • Need for testbeds to concepts validation and demonstration of the value of satellite integrated with terrestrial mobile communication;
  • Seamless and complete integration of satellite communication with terrestrial mobile communication in 5G.

3GPP Standardization Efforts to Integrate Satellite and Non-Terrestrial Networks in 5G New Radio: The roles and advantages of satellites in 5G have been studied in 3GPP.  It is recognized that, as part of the mix of access technologies for 5G, satellite coverage brings the added value especially for mission critical and industrial applications where ubiquitous coverage and availability is crucial.

The standards group is now standardizing use of non-terrestrial networks (NTN), i.e. satellite and others, including unmanned aerial vehicles, such that multiple access networks can be used to support 5G networks. The first NTN study item started in February 2018 and successfully ended in May 2018.  The focus of the study item was primarily on channel modeling for NTN. Channel modeling is now officially completed and the result is captured in TR 38.811.  Besides channel modeling, discussions over 5G New Radio (NR) impact of NTN are held for a variety of topics such as: Random Access Channel (RACH), Hybrid-ARQ (HARQ), Phase Tracking Reference Signal (PTRS), Demodulation Reference Signal (DMRS), Initial Access, and Timing Advance.  The next phase of the NTN study item is expected to be approved in the upcoming 3GPP RAN Plenary meeting in June. The focus of the upcoming study item will be on the solutions for NR to support NTN.

This presentation will provide a detailed review for the ongoing activities and efforts for NTN standardization in 3GPP.  The presentation covers the channel models proposed for NTN.  It also provides a comprehensive list of hurdles, challenges, and impacts of integration of satellite and NTN in the existing 5G NR land-based radio systems.


Dr. Haitham Cruickshank, senior lecturer at the Institute for Communication Systems (ICS), University of Surrey, Guildford UK. He is an experienced researcher and worked on several UK, EU and ESA satellite, QoS and security related projects. He has been the main author on several ETSI specifications on broadband satellite network security architectures and Intelligent Transport  Systems (ITS) security/privacy.

His main research interests are network, user and information security/privacy, future network architecture in mobile, satellite and the Internet. He also teaches in the security, Internet networking and satellite courses at University of Surrey. He is a member of the IEEE Satellite and Space Communications Committee. Also he is a chartered engineer and corporate member of the IEE in UK. He also has over 163 publications, including 34 refereed journals, 120 conferences, 4 books chapters and 5 IETF/ETSI standards

Ramon Ferrús received the Telecommunications Engineering (B.S. plus M.S.) and Ph.D. degrees from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona, Spain, in 1996 and 2000, respectively. He is currently a tenured Associate Professor with the Department of Signal Theory and Communications at UPC. His research interests include system design, functional architectures, protocols, resource optimization and network and service management in wireless communications, including satellite systems. He has participated in 10+ research projects within the 6th, 7th and H2020 Framework Programmes of the European Commission, taking the responsibility as workpackage leader in H2020 VITAL and FP7 ISITEP projects. He has also participated in numerous national research projects and technology transfer projects for public and private companies. He is co-author of one book on mobile communications and one book on mobile broadband public safety communications. He’s been involved in ETSI standardisation activities and served as technical program committee member in multiple international conferences. He has co-authored over 130 papers published in peer-reviewed journals, magazines, conference proceedings and workshops.

Adam Kapovits has 25 years of professional experience in academic and industry research. He joined Eurescom, the leading organisation for managing collaborative R&D in telecommunications 18 years ago as programme manager, focusing first mainly on the networking layer. He has managed a large number of studies and projects on topics which are of concern to the Eurescom member community of European telecom network operators and the European telecom industry at large.

A particular area that interests Adam is the convergence of terrestrial and satellite communication in the 5G context. He has co-ordinated a series of ESA studies, including ESA ARTES study “Service delivery over integrated satellite terrestrial networks”, “ESA ARTES  INSINCT – Scenarios for integration of satellite components in future networks” and “ESA ARTES SATINET – Satcom integration with LTE-based core network emulator” and contributed to the “ESA ARTES study SPECSI – Strategic Positioning of the European and Canadian Satcom Industry”. Adam is currently leading the ESA SATis5 activity.

Aniruddha (Ani) Karmarkar is a Senior Technical Fellow at Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center in Palo Alto within Lockheed Martin Space Systems. He has over 30 years of experience working in the communication industry across terrestrial wireline and wireless systems, and satellite systems. He started his career at Bell Laboratories- Lucent Technologies and was a lead architect involved in the development of Synchronous Optical Networks (SONET) and Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) technologies. At Lockheed Martin he was Chief Architect for a large satellite ground system and Chief Network Architect for a large Satellite Program. He has managed advanced technology initiatives for communication payload design at Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center. He has led many Lasercom and mmWave RF proposals, and programs for Lockheed Martin customers. For last several years he is working as a Chief Engineer and Chief Architect for a payload design which will be hosted on near earth platform in next 5 years for a commercial customer.

Dr. Mohsen Hosseinian is the manager of system-level simulation and modeling at InterDigital Inc.  He received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from The University of Calgary, Canada, in 1999.   Dr. Hosseinian has over 20 years of industry experience in wireless system design.  He joined InterDigital Inc. in 2005, where he currently runs the simulation and modeling team for PHY and MAC layers of 3GPP NR (5G) and LTE-Advanced (4G).  He previously worked at Harris Communications, and WiLAN, where he designed and developed WCDMA, OFDM, and high-speed radio modems.  He is one of the pioneers in OFDM transceiver design.  His current research interests include Non-Terrestrial Networks (NTN), mmW channel modeling, Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communication (URLLC), and NR in unlicensed spectrum (NR-U).

Prof. Ari Pouttu has scientific and engineering experience as a researcher, project manager and research manager in fields such as synchronization, interference suppression, coding, and modulation designs in spread spectrum and multicarrier systems. The projects under his command have resulted waveforms and system designs for military radio communication, radar systems, embedded device networks, future wireless radio communications including cellular systems, cognitive networks and navigation applications. He has also been involved with architecture design for Finnish Software Radio including adaptive antennas and related algorithms.

He has published more than 50 conference or journal papers in the field of wireless communications and he holds two patents. He was the Director of Centre for Wireless Communications in the University of Oulu from 2006 to 2012. Currently he is heading as a professor a research group targeting dependable wireless solutions for business verticals including solutions for 5G. He is the PI of 5GTN experimental research, co-PI of H2020 Sat5G project and is acting as collaborative projects leader in national 6Genesis flagship targeting 6G solutions.

Rabindra (Rob) Singh is Vice President, Business Development and Strategy, Solutions Architect at SSL. Rob is with the business development and strategy team and is responsible for architecting strategic communications solutions, focused on GEO/MEO/LEO satellite communications systems, proactively engaging and extending current customer/partner base, understanding their business needs, market trends, and technology developments to architect proposed forward looking solutions of high mutual value.

Rob has been with SSL for 20 years, holding a variety of positions in communications systems engineering, payload program management, and payload functional management.

Rob led SSLs payload operations as Executive Director of Communications Systems from 2006-2014, with the responsibility for SSLs payload architecture, design, build, test, and orbit delivery for over 60 satellite communications programs within the SSL GEO Satellite fleet, including DirectTV, Echostar, Intelsat, SES, Asiasat, ABS, Hispasat, Eutelsat, Telesat, Optus, NBN, Sirius-XM, Terrestar-ICO, HNS-Jupiter.


Sastri Kota
SoHum Consultants

Giovanni Giambene
Università degli Studi
di Siena, Italy

Prashant Pillai
University of
Wolverhampton, UK

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