5G for the Industrial Internet of Things
5G for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) Vertical Session
Date: Tuesday July 10
Time: 11:00 – 6:30
There is no doubt, that requirements from the Manufacturing sector, and more generally, the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has been one of the driving verticals for the design and development of new 5G concepts and technologies. The notion of ultra reliable low latency communications and massive maschine type communications are somehow reflecting the primary communication types needed within the IIoT domains. In addition, we can also witness the emergence of fog and edge computing from the IIOT domain in the past years, which also have driven the architectural evolution of 5G infrastructures. Last but not least, it is probably this domain, which is supposed to be affected most by the ongoing digitalization and there are many important initiatives underway, like Industrie 4.0, the Industrial Internet, and many edge computing related standardization fora, which have to be carefully taken into account when positioning and optimizing 5G for this.
In this track we want to review the recent work of major relevant IIOT standard bodies, like the Industrial Internet Consortium and the Industry Engineering Consortium, and look at emerging industry testbeds to explore the most recent developments in this context. Furthermore, we want to learn from different IIOT verticals their needs and expected use cases for MMTC und URLLC as well as their views on edge computing and network slicing in 5G. Also we want to learn from leading network operators and manufacturers their views on architectural options and key technological 5G enablers. A final plenary will provide the chance to discuss with key industry experts the opportunities and challenges of 5G in these domains.
As Chairman and CEO of OMG, Dr. Soley is responsible for the vision and direction of the world’s largest consortium of its type. Dr. Soley joined the nascent OMG as Technical Director in 1989, leading the development of OMG’s world-leading standardization process and the original CORBA® specification. In 1996, he led the effort to move into vertical market standards (starting with healthcare, finance, telecommunications and manufacturing) and modeling, leading first to the Unified Modeling Language TM (UML®) and later the Model Driven Architecture® (MDA®). He also led the effort to establish the SOA Consortium in January 2007, leading to the launch of the Business Ecology Initiative (BEI) in 2009. The Initiative focuses on the management imperative to make business more responsive, effective, sustainable and secure in a complex, networked world, through practice areas including Business Design, Business Process Excellence, Intelligent Business, Sustainable Business and Secure Business. In addition, Dr. Soley is the Executive Director of the Cloud Standards Customer Council, helping end-users transition to cloud computing and direct requirements and priorities for cloud standards throughout the industry. In 2014, Dr. Soley helped found the Industrial Internet Consortium and (IIC) serves as Executive Director of the organization. The IIC was formed to accelerate the development, adoption and wide-spread use of interconnected machines and devices, intelligent analytics, and people at work. The members of the IIC catalyze and coordinate the priorities and enabling technologies of the Industrial Internet.
Dr. Soley also serves on numerous industrial, technical and academic conference program committees, and speaks all over the world on issues relevant to standards, the adoption of new technology and creating successful companies. He is an active angel investor, and was involved in the creation of both the Eclipse Foundation and Open Health Tools.
Previously, Dr. Soley was a cofounder and former Chairman/CEO of A. I. Architects, Inc., maker of the 386 HummingBoard and other PC and workstation hardware and software. Prior to that, he consulted for various technology companies and venture firms on matters pertaining to software investment opportunities. Dr. Soley has also consulted for IBM, Motorola, PictureTel, Texas Instruments, Gold Hill Computer and others. He began his professional life at Honeywell Computer Systems working on the Multics operating system.
A native of Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A., Dr. Soley holds bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees in Computer Science and Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Mr. Yun Chao Hu is employed by Huawei Technologies since March 2011 and works for the Huawei West-European Headquarter (HQ) located in Düsseldorf (Germany). His current function within Huawei is Senior Director of the Standardization and Industry Development Strategies within the EU Industry Standards Department. He leads a team of standardization experts working in the areas of IoT, Cloud Solutions, Smart Energy and Industry 4.0. He is currently responsible to establish the standardization strategies for the industry verticals as well heading the Huawei team that participates within several standardization activities within IEC, such as IEC MSB Projects, TC65, SyC Smart Manufacturing, SEG7 (Smart Manufacturing), SEG8 (Communication technologies and architectures) and SEG9 (Smart Home and Buildings). Currently, Yun Chao Hu is the Convenor of IEC SEG8 WG1 on Market and Technology trends.
Yun Chao is bridging the telecom related standardization with the industry vertical standardization and actively involved in the IEC MSB projects and IEC SEG8 on communication technologies and architectures. Furthermore, he is playing a key role within Huawei in mapping industry requirements on 5G Slicing. Yun Chao has a very solid standardization background and had several positions within different standardization organizations, such as 3GPP, ETSI, ITU-T and Open IPTV Forum. He attended a wide range of standardization technologies, i.e. Intelligent Networks, IMT-2000, 3G Core Network, IPTV and Network Function Virtualization (NFV). His standardization positions are Open IPTV Forum President and the Board Chairman (2007-2011), 3GPP CN4 and CN5 WG Chairman (1999-2001), ITU-T Rapporteur Q.24/11 (1997-2000), ETSI MEC Vice Chair (2015- 2017), NFV Industry Engagement Officer (2015-2017) as well several NFV Working Group Chair positions (since 2015). His international experience was assignments within Japan, Sweden and China for almost 10 years.
Tetsuya Nakamura serves as Principal Architect, Strategy and Innovation Group at CableLabs. Tetsuya is working on standardization effort at the ETSI NFV ISG as ISG Vice Chair. He is also working on CableLabs’ open source research efforts on NFV and SDN as OPNFV Ambassador and OpenDaylight Advisory Group. Before joining CableLabs, Tetsuya worked at NTT. While at NTT DOCOMO, Tetsuya was in charge of NFV investigation for mobile networks, and actively involved in the ETSI NFV ISG as ISG Vice Chair, Vice Chair of Technical Steering Committee, and Chair of Software Architecture WG. He was also a founder of OPNFV and the initial Board member for NTT DOCOMO.
Wanshi Chen is currently 3GPP TSG RAN1 – a work group responsible for physical layer over-the-air standardization — Chairman appointed in August 2013. Wanshi Chen has over 17 years of experiences in telecommunications in leading telecom companies including operators, infrastructure vendors, and user equipment vendors. From 2006, he has been with Qualcomm Corporate R&D contributing to system design, prototyping and implementation, and standardization of 4G LTE/LTE-Advanced and more recently 5G (New Radio or NR). He has been attending 3GPP TSG RAN1 for over 10 years, representing Qualcomm and playing an instrumental role in 4G and 5G standardization, as a Vice Chairman from August 2013 for 4 years, and as Chairman starting from August 2017. From 2000 to 2006, he worked at Ericsson, San Diego, responsible for 3GPP2 related system design, integration, and standardization. During 1996 and 1997, he worked as an engineer for China Mobile, primarily participated in wireless network maintenance and performance optimization. Wanshi Chen is a recipient of Qualcomm’s IP Excellence Award, Upendra Patel Achievement Awards for Outstanding Contributions to LTE, and Super Qualstar Award from Qualcomm CR&D. The highest degree that Wanshi Chen has received is a Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Wanshi is an avid runner. He ran Boston Marathon in April 2017 with a time of 3 hours and 8 minutes.
Andreas Vogel is Vice President at SAP Labs‘ Smart Connected Business team in Palo Alto, California, currently serving as the product owner for SAP Edge Services. Andreas joined SAP in 2003 and worked in variety of roles within the company including corporate strategy, product management for SAP’s ERP flagship product, research related to sustainability, big data and machine learning in utility and online gaming.
Prior to joining SAP, Andreas held research, technology and business positions around the world, among them Chief Scientist at Borland, CTO and co-founder of Mspect where he developed monitoring solutions for mobile data networks and Principal Researcher at the DSTC in Australia. Andreas holds a MSc and PhD in computer science from Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany. Andreas co-authored four books on CORBA, Enterprise Java Beans and ERP published J.Wiley & Sons.
Dr. Salvo is the Founder of the Industrial Internet Consortium now with over 3500 members representing 250 organizations from over 25 countries. The goal is to connect brilliant minds and machines in powerful value creation networks. For the past 20 years he and his laboratory have developed a series of large-scale internet-based sensing platforms to manage and oversee business systems and deliver a portfolio of information-based services.
Some of their commercial business releases include complex decision platforms (e.g. GE Veriwise™ GE RailwiseTM, Global Vendor Managed Inventory, Ener.GE™, and E-Materials Management) that deliver near real-time customer value through system transparency and knowledge-based computational algorithms.
Pervasive networked sensors and cognitive systems combined with near-real time collaboration can deliver time-critical information and decision analysis across traditional business boundaries. Total supply chain, digital manufacturing, energy management and financial services can be integrated to create a virtual enterprise environment that encourages discovery and process improvement on a global basis. High speed optical and wireless communication fabrics can enable distributed knowledge networks that extend the reach of these systems with anywhere/anytime access to mission critical information and control points.
The accelerating rate of development in crowdsourcing, blockchain, and secure, authenticated cloud computing platforms promises to further democratize the flow of information, computation and ideas on a truly global basis.
Professor Anurag Kumar obtained his B.Tech. degree from the Indian Institute of Technology at Kanpur, and the PhD degree from Cornell University, both in Electrical Engineering. He was then with Bell Laboratories, for over 6 years. He returned to India in 1988, and has since been with the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, on the faculty of the Department of Electrical Communication Engineering. Before taking over as the Director of IISc, on 1 August 2014, he was the Chair of the Electrical Sciences Division since 2007. From 1988 to 2003 he was the Coordinator at IISc of the Education and Research Network Project (ERNET), a UNDP and Government of India collaborative national program that established India’s first wide-area packet switching network.
His area of research is communication networking, specifically, modeling, analysis, control, and optimisation problems arising in communication networks and distributed systems. Recently his research has focused primarily on wireless networking. In addition to many publications in top journals and conferences, he has co-authored two books: Communications Networking: An Analytical Approach, and Wireless Networking, both published by Morgan Kaufman (Elsevier), and co-authored with D. Manjunath and Joy Kuri.
He was the 1977 President’s Gold Medallist in IIT Kanpur. He received the IISc Alumni Award for Excellence in Engineering Research for 2008. He has been elected Fellow of the IEEE, the Indian National Science Academy (INSA), the Indian National Academy of Engineering (INAE), the Indian Academy of Science (IASc), and The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS). During the period 2005-2009, he was an area editor for the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking. He is a recipient of the J.C. Bose National Fellowship, awarded by the Department of Science Technology, for the period 2011-2021.
Dr. Jason Jiangnan Chen is a senior director of wireless solutions at the US Wireless Research Lab of Futurewei (Huawei) Technologies, focusing on wireless network E2E solutions, network architectures, and new technology demo systems. He has expert knowledge of Radio Access Network technologies. Before joining Huawei technologies, he was with Motorola Networks division for 15 years. Jason has more than 30 published US patents. Jason has a PhD degree in EE from University of Illinois at Chicago in 1993, and MBA from Lake Forest Graduate School of Management in 2009. Jason is an IEEE Senior member.
Dr. Stanley Chia is CTO of Tomorrow Street, a joint venture unit of Vodafone Procurement Company and the Luxembourg Government. He has been with Vodafone for many years acquiring a broad spectrum of experience from product development to technology strategy and network operation. Dr. Chia is Vodafone Distinguished Engineer, Fellow IET, Chartered Engineer and Senior Member IEEE.
Linus Thrybom received the M.Sc. degree in Computer Science from Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden, in 1991. From 1992 to 1997 he was with the ABB Industrial Systems, Vasteras, Sweden, as HW/SW design engineer of embedded systems and communication devices. From 1998 to 2008, he was with the Bombardier Transportation, Vasteras, Sweden, as project leader on train communication and control systems. Since 2008 he is with the ABB Corporate Research, Vasteras, Sweden, where he in 2011 became Principal Scientist, and in 2015 he became manager of the Industrial Communication team. Since 2016 he is manager of the Industrial IoT research team as well coordinating the connectivity research within ABB Corporate Research. His research interests include industrial communication and 5G, system architecture, distributed real-time systems and Internet of Things.
Nada Golmie received her Ph.D. in computer science from the University of Maryland at College Park. Since 1993, she has been a research engineer at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. She is currently the chief of the wireless networks division in the Communications Technology Laboratory. Her research in media access control and protocols for wireless networks led to over 100 technical papers presented at professional conferences, journals, and contributed to international standard organizations and industry led consortia. She is the author of “Coexistence in Wireless Networks: Challenges and System-level Solutions in the Unlicensed Bands,” published by Cambridge University Press (2006). She leads several projects related to the modeling and evaluation of future generation wireless systems and protocols and serves as a co-chair for the 5G mmWave Channel Model Alliance.
Rhys has been working with National Instruments since 2010 as part of both their UK branch and now based at the global headquarters in Austin, Texas. A graduate of Electronic Communications Engineering, Rhys obtained his Masters in Engineering (MEng) from Cardiff University where he worked briefly as a Research Assistant developing novel load-pull power amplifier characterisation test systems that were multiple orders of magnitude faster than the industry standard. Leveraging his background in wireless communications prototyping and measurement systems, Rhys now works as a Product Marketing Manager for National Instruments focussing on academic research grants and creating the right undergraduate courses to fuel the future labour force in both academic and industrial research laboratories. Rhys’ daily activities revolve around making sure that academic research institutions have the right capabilities to keep pace with the dizzying speed of innovation in the areas of 5G and the Industrial IoT. As a member-at-large of the IEEE ComSoc Educational Services Board, Rhys has worked through events such as IEEE Globecom, 5G Summit and ICC conferences as well as the ComSoc Summer School to provide workshops and presentations that help develop the skills and technical acumen of researchers from many different sectors of communications.
5G and IIOT in IIC Overview and outlook on IIC testbeds: The Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC) was formed in March of 2014 to accelerate the adoption of the Internet of Things (IoT) in industrial settings, on the assumption that major industrial markets would soon be completely disrupted by IoT. That’s already happening: in mining, logistics, agriculture, aquaculture, smart cities, emergency response, power generation and distribution and other markets, IIC testbed and other projects are making headway, members of the IIC disrupting industries first instead of waiting to see how their markets are disrupted. Meanwhile, key standardization organizations like the Object Management Group (OMG) are applying leading semantic standards to the problem, using as requirements the early results of IIC and other testbeds. Is 5G a necessary standard for Industrial IoT, or even sufficient? There are some early results.
Edge Computing White Papers and upcoming IEC Testbeds: The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has published a White Paper on Edge Intelligence, which addresses the combination of Edge Computing with Machine Learning. A number of use cases illustrates how Edge Intelligence is addressed within a potential implementation of these use cases. The technical solution identifies the technology gaps and the relevant standardization needs.
A number of companies are developing a joint effort to establish two test-beds on Virtual Factory and Virtual Power Plant as a follow-up on the Edge Intelligence White Paper. The test-beds intends to demonstrate concrete benefits in addition to the traditional factory and distributed energy resource operational technologies by integrating Edge Intelligence Platforms, 5G cellular networks, Time Sensitive Networks and Management & Orchestration functions. The test-beds will be demonstrated at several industry events from end 2018 till 2019. The proposed test-beds are agreed by the IEC Market Strategy Board (MSB) during their Annual Meeting and will be proposed to be a collaborative effort between IEC and IIC.
Industrial IoT Standards from the NFV and CableLabs viewpoints: The talk outlines the latest status of NFV (Network Function Virtualisation) standardization work in ETSI NFV-ISG and explains how NFV, as technology enabler, can help IIOT use cases to make it happen. Also, IIOT is crucial for the future cable networks design to meet the requirements such as massive amount of concurrent sessions, ultra low latency, and security. The talk also outlines the possible evolution of cable DOCSIS/HFC networks towards the 5G era.
LTE and 5G IoT in 3GPP: Current Status and Future Trends: In this talk, we provide overviews and insights of past standardization and future evolutions of machine type communications (MTC) in 3GPP. The first release of supporting MTC using LTE was finalized in June 2014 as part of LTE Release 12 in 3GPP. It can be readily multiplexed with existing LTE services, while achieving cost/complexity reduction and power savings. Since then, evolutions on MTC continued through Release 13, 14, and 15, where Release 15 was completely very recently (June 2018). In particular, two versions of MTC services are standardized in 3GPP, namely, enhanced MTC (eMTC) and narrow-band internet of things (NB-IoT). Both versions offer low cost (e.g., via narrowband operation, half duplex, etc.), long battery power life (e.g., 10 years), and extended coverage (e.g., up to 15-20dB more than that of existing LTE resulting in maximum of 164dB coupling loss). At the same time, eMTC is targeted with relatively larger bandwidth (e.g., 1.4MHz or more) and hence higher throughput at the cost of increased complexity, while NB-IoT has a very narrow bandwidth (180kHz) with lower throughput and ultra-low complexity. Further enhancements of eMTC and NB-IoT aimed at enhancing coexistence with 5G radio access technology (also called new radio or NR) and adaptation to 5G core network are ongoing in 3GPP, aiming to provide low-power wide-area (LPWA) coverage for MTC in the 5G era.
Edge-Cloud Computing for IIOT: IIOT solutions span from the equipment to the cloud, in fact often to multiple clouds. The infrastructure in customer scenarios, e.g. amount of data collected, access right to data, processing power available, characteristics of communication channels can vary quite dramatically. This requires an IIOT platforms which provides the flexibility to process data, including machine learning, anywhere between the edge and the cloud. Edge-cloud computing addresses this challenge. SAP’s approach is based on containerized services which can be deployed anywhere, the edge, on-premise, private and public clouds.
IIOT Requirements from GE Perspective: Industrial digitization will rely both on the robust connectivity of trillions of devices and objects plus the open sharing of data. Enabling technologies are desperately needed to accomplish this vision. In the Industrial sector, traditional networking technologies, e.g., field busses coupled with closed fiber optic networks, are siloed solutions and cost prohibitive for large-scale deployments. In addition, these technologies are usually based on closed proprietary systems precluding lower cost hardware development, open information exchange and fast innovation due to small specialized markets. 5G networking with the potential to create custom slices with guaranteed latencies, availability and features will usher in a new world of pervasive machine to machine communication that is automated, intelligent and a new exponential source of value creation. In a world where machine to machine connections and communications dominate, a new trust fabric is required to differentiate, secure and protect interactions while reducing the friction of information flow. Blockchain technology holds the promise to provide such a trust fabric and usher in a decentralized and democratized Web 3.0.
Design and Deployment of Multihop IEEE 802.15.4 (“Zigbee”) Networks for IoT Applications: In the context of Cyber Physical Systems and the Internet of Things, there is a growing need to connect a large number of “machine type devices,” such as smart sensors and smart actuators to the network infrastructure. 3GPP has defined that such machine type communication (MTC) can be between MTC devices, or between between MTC devices and servers. Technologies such as NB-IoT will facilitate the communication between MTC devices and servers, via MTC gateways. On the other hand, device to device communication and communication between MTC devices and MTC gateways will take place over other low power, local communication technologies such as Bluetooth or Zigbee.
In our work, we have considered multihop IEEE 802.15.4 (“Zigbee”) networks for connecting MTC devices to an MTC gateway. In such applications, typically, the locations of the MTC devices will be determined by the application (e.g., every motor in an industrial plant might have a vibration and temperature sensor). Due to the placement of the MTC devices, the MTC gateway, and the wireless propagation conditions, there will be a need to place additional IEEE 802.15.4 relays (or routers) for creating a connected network. Such relays cannot be placed just anywhere (due to physical constraints), but only at a few places among a large number of potential locations. We have studied this problem, using analytical models of the IEEE 802.15.4 medium access control, and we develop techniques for placing a small number of relays, at some of many potential locations, so as to realize a multihop wireless relay network that achieves the desired QoS for MTC device generated traffic. In some situations, it might be of interest to deploy wireless relays as an agent walks through the region of deployment, placing relays judiciously as-he-goes. In this talk, we will provide an overview of our research on such problems. Field experiences with our lab developed system, called SmartConnect, will also be provided.
Industrial Cellular Radio Access Networking – ICRAN: Applying radio access networking technologies used in cellular networks to the industrial manufacturing process has a great opportunity to become a reality with the 5G systems into deployment. However, traditional wide area macro cell RAN technologies addresses the issues such as coverage, capacity, throughput might not be the same issues that the industrial manufacturing process need to solve. Given an usual confined local area, good coverage, enough capacity are given, while the channel characteristics might not be as random as the macro cells. Lower latency and ultra-reliability need to be translated into time synchronies, time sensitiveness, and deterministic in nature instead of probabilistic and opportunistic. Both antenna technologies and signal processing algorithms need to make the channels hardened enough, and traffic priorities need to be given to tasks with timely requirements instead of fairness. Frequent and smaller data packets are transmitted may sacrifice the extreme spectrum efficiency and throughput chased by traditional cellular technologies. In order to turn around data fast, new network edge might be embedded right into the access network elements. The presentation tries to understand better of these requirements.
Enabling IIoT for Enterprises: Many of the industrial IoT devices will likely to be deployed behind enterprise firewalls for reasons of security, agility and reliability. This brings new dimensions to the IIoT solutions in terms of architecture, scaling and operation. The interaction of the enterprise IoT networks with wide-area networks have implications to spectrum management, subscription ownership, and service evolution. These are critical challenges that cellular operators and the industry have to jointly manage in order to derive the full benefits of IIoT.
Alexander TEI of Thessaloniki, Greece
Fraunhofer Institute FOKUS