Automotive Intelligent Transport
Date: Monday July 9
Time: 11:00 – 6:30
Room: Stevens Creek (Ballroom Section 2)
Improving efficiency of private and public transport is one of the fundamental societal challenges of the next decade. Connected automated vehicles are seen as one of the key components for solving this challenge. The two technologies – connectivity and automation – need to be tightly integrated to achieve full gains. Furthermore, in addition to vehicles, roads, roadside infrastructure, and traffic information systems will all play a key role towards more efficient and safe transportation.
The Automotive and Intelligent Transport vertical session will bring together researchers and industry professionals from around the world to discuss and exchange ideas on recent developments, current research challenges and future directions in the areas of connected intelligent transport, ranging from vehicle automation, to vehicle to anything (V2X) communications, to intelligent transport system (ITS) applications, paving the way to cooperative ITS systems that are more comfortable, efficient, and safe.
Keynote Speaker: Dr. Gaurav Bansal, Toyota InfoTechnology Center USA
Title: Connected Automated Driving: Overview, Design and Technical Challenges
Panel 1: Automated and Connected Vehicles: Overview, Design and Technical Challenges
Dr. Shailesh Patil, Qualcomm Inc.
Dr. Radovan Miucic, Changan US R&D Technical Center, Inc.
Sunil Sheriker, Intel
Prof. Gabor Orosz, University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Panel Organizer: Dr. Gaurav Bansal, Toyota InfoTechnology Center USA
Keynote Speaker: Tommy Svensson, Department of Electrical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden
Title: Integrated Moving Networks – Mutual Opportunities for Connected Vehicles and Mobile Networks
Panel 2: V2X Standardization Activities and Automated Driving Technologies
Dr. Shailesh Patil, Qualcomm Inc.
Dr. Takayuki Shimizu, Toyota InfoTechnology Center, USA
Dr. Xiaoyi Wang, AT&T Labs
Panel Organizers: Murali Narasimha, Philippe Sartori (Huawei)
Anthony C. K. Soong (S’88-M’91-SM’02-F’14) received the Ph.D. degree in electrical and computer engineering from the University of Alberta. He is currently the Chief Scientist for Wireless Research and Standards at Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd, in the US. He currently serves on the Engineering College Industrial Advisory Board of The University of North Texas. He served as Secretary and the founding board member of OPNFV (2014-2016), the chair for 3GPP2 TSG-C NTAH (the next generation radio access network technology development group) from 2007-2009 and vice chair for 3GPP2 TSG-C WG3 (the physical layer development group for CDMA 2000) from 2006-2011. Prior to joining Huawei, he was with the systems group for Ericsson Inc and Qualcomm Inc. His research group is actively engaged in the research, development and standardization of the next generation cellular system. His research interests are in statistical signal processing, robust statistics, wireless communications, spread spectrum techniques, multicarrier signaling, multiple antenna techniques, network virtualization, SDN and physiological signal processing.
Dr. Soong is a Fellow of the IEEE. He has published over 100 scientific papers and has more than 100 patents granted or pending. He received the 2017 IEEE Vehicular Technology Society James R. Evans Avant Garde Award, the 2013 IEEE Signal Processing Society Best Paper Award and the 2005 award of merit for his contribution to 3GPP2 and cdma2000 development. He is the Industrial Chair for the 2019 Fall IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference and has served on the advisory broad of 2014 IEEE Communication Theory Workshop, Steering Committee of IEEE Int. Workshop on HetSNet and on the technical program committee, as well as, chaired at numerous major conferences in the area of communications engineering. He has acted as guest editor for the IEEE Communications Magazine and IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications.
Gaurav Bansal is Principal Researcher at the Toyota InfoTechnology Center in Mountain View, CA, where he leads several research initiatives on the design of communication systems for Automated Driving. Gaurav is an expert in Vehicular Communications, pioneering contributions in Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) congestion control and in innovative use-cases to leverage connectivity in cars. His current research interests also include millimeter wave & full-duplex wireless communications. Gaurav represents Toyota in the Automakers’ Vehicle Safety Communication Consortium and in the SAE, ETSI standardization bodies. Gaurav regularly publishes in reputed automated driving journals and conferences, has authored 40+ patents, and has been granted 6 patents to date. Gaurav’s paper on DSRC Congestion Control received the Best Paper Award at the IEEE WiVEC Symposium. Gaurav serves in the editorial board of IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine and IEEE Connected Vehicles Initiative. Gaurav has a B-Tech in Electrical Engineering from IIT-Kanpur, PhD in Electrical Engineering from The University of British Columbia and an AI Graduate Certificate from Stanford.
Tommy Svensson [S’98, M’03, SM’10] is Full Professor in Communication Systems at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden, where he is leading the Wireless Systems research on air interface and wireless backhaul networking technologies for future wireless systems. He received a Ph.D. in Information theory from Chalmers in 2003, and he has worked at Ericsson AB with core networks, radio access networks, and microwave transmission products. He was involved in the European WINNER and ARTIST4G projects that made important contributions to the 3GPP LTE standards, the EU FP7 METIS and the EU H2020 5GPPP mmMAGIC 5G projects, and currently in the EU H2020 5GPPP 5GCar project, as well as in the ChaseOn antenna systems excellence center at Chalmers targeting mm-wave solutions for 5G access, backhaul and V2X scenarios. His research interests include design and analysis of physical layer algorithms, multiple access, resource allocation, cooperative systems, moving networks, and satellite networks. He has co-authored 4 books, 69 journal papers, 118 conference papers and 51 public EU projects deliverables. He is Chairman of the IEEE Sweden joint Vehicular Technology/ Communications/ Information Theory Societies chapter and editor of IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, and has been editor of IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, Guest Editor of several top journals, organized several tutorials and workshops at top IEEE conferences, and served as coordinator of the Communication Engineering Master’s Program at Chalmers, www.chalmers.se/en/staff/Pages/tommy-svensson.aspx.
Shailesh Patil is a Principal Engineer/Manager at Qualcomm Incorporated. There, he leads the research and 3GPP standardization group for Cellular V2X. Previously, as a rapporteur, he led the standardization of device to device communication in 3GPP LTE. This was for the very first time that device to device communication was standardized in any cellular standard. He has 50 granted patents and more than 100 pending patent applications. Shailesh Patil received his Masters and Ph.D. from University of Texas at Austin in 2004 and 2006 respectively.
Dr. Radovan Miucic is a Technical Specialist and a Team Lead at Changan US R&D Technical Center, Inc. (since 2015) in Connected and Autonomous Vehicle group. Radovan Miucic received the B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in computer engineering from Wayne State University, Detroit MI, in 2001, 2002 and 2009, respectively. He worked as research engineer for Honda R&D Americas, Inc. (2007-2015) and as an embedded software engineer (2001-2007), working for Delphi and Siemens. He is also Adjunct Professor of ECE at Wayne State University since 2012. His current research is in wireless communication, sensors for autonomous driving, and development of cooperative safety applications and autonomous driving features.
Sunil Sheriker is a Director at Intel Communication & Devices group and based in Munich, Germany. As part of Technology Planning & Strategy team, Sunil leads various connected car initiatives related to 4G/5G connectivity. He comes from a strong wireless communications background with over 16 years of experience spanning across technical R&D, operations, strategy and business development activities. C-V2X in the context of automated driving, connected car and 5G connectivity are his current interests. Sunil completed his Bachelor of Engineering degree with a major in Computer Science from Kuvempu University in India and graduated with an MBA degree specializing in Corporate Finance and Entrepreneurship from HHL Leipzig Graduate School of Management in Germany.
Gabor Orosz received the MSc degree in engineering physics from the Budapest University of Technology in 2002 and the PhD degree in engineering mathematics from the University of Bristol in 2006. He held post-doctoral positions with the University of Exeter and the University of California, Santa Barbara. In 2010 he joined the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, where he is currently associate professor in mechanical engineering and in civil and environmental engineering. His research interests include nonlinear dynamics and control, time delay systems, networks and complex systems with applications on connected and automated vehicles.
Dr. Takayuki Shimizu is a Researcher at TOYOTA InfoTechnology Center, U.S.A., Inc. (Toyota ITC US). He received the B.E., M.E., and Ph.D. degrees from Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan, in 2007, 2009, and 2012, respectively. From 2009 to 2010, he was a visiting researcher at Stanford University, CA, USA. Since he joined Toyota ITC US in 2012, he has been working on the research of wireless vehicular communications and the development of smart grid systems for plug-in electric vehicles. His current research interests include millimeter-wave vehicular communication, vehicular communications for automated driving, and LTE/5G for vehicular applications. He is a 3GPP standardization delegate in RAN WGs and SA1 WG. He is a Workshop Co-Chair for the 2018 Fall IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference. He is a member of the IEEE and IEICE.
Dr. Xiaoyi Wang is a principle member of technical staff in AT&T labs working on wireless research and standardization. His research focuses on MIMO, Integrated Access and Backhual, Vehicle communication, Channel Modeling and Positioning. Previously he was a senior researcher in Nokia where he served as chief architect on MIMO. He was recognized as “inventor of the year” in 2012 for his innovative work. Also he has served several leading roles in standard bodies including 3GPP NR channel model rapporteur and IEEE 802.16m control channel drafting group chair.
The development of the smart phone has revolutionized the cellular communication industry. The unprecedented connectivity has not only enable new methods of social interaction among us but has also enable a seismic shift in economic activity. Global penetration rate for cellular subscription has now reach 103% and 5G promises to usher in unprecedented performance. Consequently, the economic viability of 5G is likely to be vastly different. Indeed while 4G was mainly about voice and mobile broadband (MBB), the 5G economy must consists of a much boarder set of services. 5G not only need to serve MBB well, but also that of the so called “long tail services” or “all business connected” services; such as connected car, connected factory, and connected city, to name a few. Each tail service by itself will not offer significant revenue opportunity, like MBB does, but together they represent a, so far untapped, business opportunity greater than MBB. Some has estimated the potential as 12 trillion USD b7 2035. It should also be evident that each tail services will require its own unique set of requirements; some of which we know today, and some as yet to be defined. This talk will discuss the end to end system design needed to support the tail services in 5G. It will elucidate the technologies being standardized in 3GPP, as well as other SDO’s, for both 5G-LTE as well as 5G-NR to enable tail services with the connect car service being used as an illustrative example. Connected car was chosen because it represent a diverse set of services that will impact not only the air interface design but also the network design and network scaling issues. The flexibility built into the 5G-LTE and 5G-NR will be key to supporting services from sensor fusion technology to give the driver better situational awareness, all the way to the holy grail of autonomous car and roadways.
Automated cars have a potential of having huge impact on the society. Currently, there are challenges in many scenarios as: bad-weather conditions, non line-of-sight view (driving around intersections), long range sensing etc. Vehicles could drive significantly better if they can communicate and receive sensor data from nearby cars and can obtain increased sensing range, non line-of-sight view. Vehicular communications (DSRC, 5G-V2X) could enable sharing of sensor data at a very low latency (targets of 10 msec and below). We’ll discuss the important emerging field of connected automated driving, including technical and policy topics in this area. We’ll provide background on vehicular safety communications and current deployments in various parts of the world. Vehicular communication will enable sensor data sharing between vehicles, which could be the key for achieving higher levels of automation. Novel artificial intelligence techniques exploiting sensor data (camera, radar, GPS etc.) from neighboring cars can be used for designing perception and mapping functionalities for automated vehicles. We’ll discuss results from field testing and show advantages of connected automated driving.
5G is expected to play a major role in the transformation of the automotive sector as we prepare for a large deployment of connected automated driving. An adequate understanding of the role and benefits of 5G for connected automated driving requires a holistic view of all technologies, services and challenges of connected automated driving. In this context, this panel will discuss:
- Status of Automated driving (Level 2, Level 4), core technologies (camera, radar, Lidar, AI etc.) and underlying challenges.
- Status of connected driving (DSRC, LTE-V) in various regions (US, Europe, Japan, China) and deployment expectations.
- Application of V2V/V2I/Cloud in automated driving (platooning, bad-weather conditions, Non line-of-sight etc.) and traffic management. Could connectivity play a fundamental role in automated driving? What would be the major applications?
- Outlook for future communication technologies (5G) for connected automated driving.
The usage of broadband services via mobile devices is steadily becoming increasingly important. With 5G, users will expect the connected society to be available with no limitations, and users will make use of bandwidth-demanding services like augmented reality and virtual office applications, also when on the move. In this context, future vehicles and transportation systems may play an important role in wireless networks by providing additional communications capabilities and becoming an integrated part of the communications infrastructure to improve capacity and coverage of the operator driven mobile networks. That is, in order to serve vehicular users effectively, one promising solution is to deploy moving base stations on the vehicles to form moving networks (MNs). However, the potential of moving base stations is not only to effectively serve in-vehicle users, but also to serve out-of-vehicle users by acting as cooperative ad-hoc small cell base stations in generalized heterogeneous mobile networks. Such integrated moving network nodes can also be used to efficiently support cloud-assisted driving and more general mobile edge computing solutions. Integrated moving network nodes also have the potential to be important enablers for realizing ultra-reliable communication links between vehicles and between mobile devices of other traffic participants in order to assist autonomous driving and new V2X services based on 5G mobile communications networks, which has the potential to substantially improve traffic safety and efficiency, provided that we also can handle the security aspects. This talk will introduce the EU H2020 5GPPP 5GCAR project (https://5gcar.eu/) and some key research topics we are working on at Chalmers.
Keywords: 5G, Moving Networks, V2X, 5GCAR
Today’s automated driving trials rely on a variety of sensors placed on vehicles to enable functions such as emergency braking and collision avoidance. Meanwhile, the automotive industry is committed to deploying communication technology to enable warning and indications to (human) drivers regarding traffic incidents and safety. But the role of 5G or cellular wireless generally is still unclear. The panel discussion will focus on:
- How cellular communication technologies can supplement sensing and whether it is necessary to achieve the vision of driving automation.
- What communication features need to be standardized to help enable the vision of Connected Automated Driving.
Topics of discussion:
- What modes of communication are most suitable for automated driving vehicles: vehicle to vehicle communication, communication via infrastructure, or some combination? Advantages and limitations of each.
- How can we merge information from sensors and data obtained from communication?
- What aspects standardization should cover in order to complement information from sensors?
- What are the bandwidth hungry and delay sensitive applications in vehicular? Beyond delivery of entertainment, what role may cellular play? How can 5G support sensor sharing and remote driving? What areas do we need to improve?
- How do current standards (DSRC, LTE, LTE V2V) need to evolve to support automated driving?
- Can communication achieve better traffic flow and traffic management? Studies on platooning and some preliminary work on intersection management suggests this may be the case, but to what extent can we improve vehicular traffic throughput? Also, how does this influence human behavior? What role does cellular play in this?
Dr. Murali Narasimha is a senior researcher at Huawei Technologies, USA. At Huawei he has led research work on 5G, particularly in the areas of vehicular communications and multi-hop relaying. Prior to Huawei, Murali was a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at Motorola Mobility, where he represented Motorola Mobility in cellular standards and led various internal research activities. He holds over 70 granted patents covering different aspects of cellular technology. Murali received Masters and Ph.D. degrees in Computer Science from North Carolina St Univ.
Philippe Sartori is a Researcher and Standard Delegate at Huawei Technologies and has been focusing on 3GPP NR and LTE standardization for the past 10 years. He is the rapporteur for the LTE eV2X work item. Before working on V2X, he was active in device-to-device technologies, and covered various aspects of LTE cellular standardization, including heterogeneous networks and relaying technologies. He holds more than 80 patents on various aspects of cellular designs.
Prof. Javier Gozálvez
Universidad Miguel Hernandez de Elche (UMH)
Mate Boban, Ph. D.
Huawei German Research Center